Image by Jason Blackeye

Turkey Ratifies Paris Climate Agreement

From Dilara Dayioglugil, SODAC

October 7th, 2021

Turkey has been a signatory to the Paris agreement since April 2016 and finally on October 6th, 2021, Turkey's parliament ratified the Paris Climate Agreement. In parallel to ratification, the Turkish cabinet has approved a goal to reach net zero emissions by 2053.

 

 

 

 

 

(The Paris Agreement signed on April 22, 2016 was found appropriate to be ratified with the declaration)

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international pact on climate change. The Paris Agreement, adopted by nearly 200 nations, commits participants to keep global average temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and, if possible, below 1.5 degrees. Each country is responsible for developing its own plan for achieving those goals.

 

How does the Paris Agreement work?

 

- Keeping global average temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and, if possible, below 1.5 degrees,

- Reviewing countries’ commitments every five years,

- Providing finance to developing countries to mitigate climate change, strengthen resilience and enhance abilities to adapt to climate impacts.

- Targeting to achieve net-zero emissions

 

 

Turkey's share of ongoing global greenhouse gas emissions is about 1%.

 

The vast majority of Turkey’s emissions are from its energy use. The country gets over a third of its electricity from burning coal.

 

 

 

 

 

 (Photo: IEA/Screenshot)

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis released last month by Ember found that building a new wind or solar park in Turkey is cheaper than any coal power plant which relies on imports.

 

According to Ember:

 

  • In Turkey, new wind power installation costs are 32% lower than five years ago, and new solar power installation costs are 50% lower

  • International hard coal prices are 3 times higher than a year ago

  • In Turkey, new wind and solar power are now cheaper than existing imported coal power generation costs, even without a carbon price.

  • Turkey has 9 GW of coal power installed capacity that relies on coal imports, which makes up 45% of its total coal power capacity

  • Turkey can dramatically lower its multi billion dollars coal import bill and potential carbon border levy by switching to cheaper green alternatives.

 

 

Turkey's becoming a party to the Paris Climate Agreement will soon show itself in the new regulations that will emerge in terms of energy and environmental law.

 

Key UNFCCC documents

 

Paris Agreement on climate change (UNFCCC)

Katowice climate package (UNFCCC)

Environment Council conclusions and decisions

04/10/2019Conclusions for the preparation of COP25

09/10/2018Conclusions for the preparation of COP24

13/10/2017Conclusions for the preparation of COP23

05/10/2016 Decision on EU conclusion of the Paris Agreement

18/09/2015Conclusions for the preparation of COP21

Commission documents

02/03/2016 - COM (2016) 110 - The Road from Paris: assessing the implications of the Paris Agreement and accompanying the proposal for a Council decision on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, of the Paris agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

04/03/2015 - COM (2015) 81: The Paris Protocol – A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020

04/03/2015 - COM (2015) 81 - Annex: Annex to the Paris Protocol – A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020

04/03/2015 - SWD (2015) 17: Commission staff working document accompanying the Paris Protocol – A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020

Consultative Communication

26/03/2013 - COM(2013) 167 – The 2015 International Climate Change Agreement: Shaping international climate policy beyond 2020

26/03/2013 - SWD(2013) 97 - The 2015 International Climate Change Agreeement: Shaping international climate policy beyond 2020

26/03/2013 - IP/13/277 - Commission launches consultation on 2015 international climate change agreement

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